History | Symbols | Interesting Facts | Famous People
European exploration began, Native Americans of Connecticut belonged to
many of the Algonquian Indian family, the Pequot tribe being the
Dutchman Adriaen Block was the first to explore the Connecticut Valley in 1614, but never permanently settled there. In 1633, English colonists came from Massachusetts to settle Windsor, the first permanent settlement in Connecticut. Together with settlements in Wethersfield and Hartford they united to form the Connecticut Colony in 1636.
Hooker, the founder of Hartford, believed in government by the will of
the people. In 1639, the
Connecticut Colony adopted the Fundamental Orders as its law.
This gave voters the right to elect government officials.
Pequot War began in 1636. In
1637, the colonists defeated the Pequots with help from Uncas, a Pequot
leader that sided with the colonists.
The New Haven Colony settled along the Long Island Sound.
In 1665, this colony and the Connecticut Colony joined together
by charter from the king of England.
Edward Andros, governor of other New England colonies tried many times
to gain control of Connecticut. In 1687, he entered Hartford and
demanded the charter. The
people refused, hiding the charter in an oak tree, later known as the
taxes and restricted trade led to the Revolutionary War in 1775.
At the Constitutional Convention of 1787, leaders from
Connecticut played an important role in the Great Compromise.
The Constitution of the United States was written and the
Declaration of Independence approved. Connecticut became the 5th state in 1788.
the 1800s, Eli Whitney invented mass production manufacturing.
Connecticut grew famous for its factories and the many immigrants
that came to work in them. In 1910, the U.S. Coast Guard Academy moved to New London.
During both World Wars, Connecticut’s factories were an
important supplier of airplane parts, submarines, guns, clothing, and
has continued to develop new technology.
In 1954, the world’s first nuclear-powered submarine was built
and launched at Groton. In
1968, a nuclear energy plant began to operate at Haddam Neck to provide
electric power. In 1969,
astronauts used oxygen and other supplies from backpacks made in