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Facts about Arizona

History | Symbols | Interesting Facts | Famous People

Statehood:  February 14, 1912, the 48th state.

Capital:  Phoenix

Total Area: 6th among states, 295,254 sq km (113,998 sq mi)

Water Area:  943 sq km (364 sq mi)

Highest Point:  Humphreys Peak 3851 m (12,633 ft)

Total Population:  16th among states
2010 census -  6,392,017 

Population Density in 2010:  56.3 people per sq mi

Distribution in 2000:  88.2% Urban, 11.8% Rural

Gross State Product - $261.3 billion (2010)
Personal income per Capita - $32,935 (2009)

Largest cities in 2010:
Phoenix:  1,445,632
Tucson:  520,116
Mesa:  439,041

  • The Grand Canyon is 227 miles long, 1 mile deep, and has an average width of 10 miles.

  • Navajo Community College in Tsaile, was the first college on an Indian reservation.

  • Arizona observes Mountain Standard Time on a year round basis, never observing daylight savings time.

  • Arizona is roughly the size of Italy.

  • Arizona has more parks and national monuments than any other state, more mountains than Switzerland, and more golf courses than Scotland.

  • The hottest recorded day in Phoenix was June 26, 1990, when the temperature hit 122 degrees.

  • The original London Bridge was shipped stone-by-stone and reconstructed in Lake Havasu City.

  • In World War II, many Navajos enlisted as secret agents.  Our enemies could never understand the Navajo language to learn our military secrets.

  • The sun shines in southern Arizona 85% of the time, which is considerably more sunshine than Florida or Hawaii.  Arizona also frequently has the hottest and coldest temperatures on the same day.   The temperature could be 75 degrees in the desert to 45 degrees in the high country.

  • Camels were used at one time to transport goods across Arizona.

  • Four Corners is the spot in the United States where a person can stand in four states at the same time.

  • Historically, Arizona’s strongest economic support came from the Four C’s – cotton, copper, cattle, and citrus.  In recent years, a fifth – climate – has been added.

  • Arizona has the largest percentage of its land set aside and designated as Indian lands.

  • The Anasazi Indians made waterproof baskets that they cooked in.  They put hot rocks in with the food to cook it.

  • The world’s largest solar telescope is located at Kitts Peak National Observatory in the city of Sells.

  • The Navajo Reservation, the nation's largest reservation, lies primarily in Arizona and extends into Utah and New Mexico.

  • In 1876 the Chiricahua Apache chief Geronimo began ten years of raids against white settlements when the U.S. government attempted to move his tribe from their traditional home in Arizona to a reservation in New Mexico.

  • Arizona became the home of the first major irrigation project by the U.S. Bureau of Reclamation when former U.S. president Theodore Roosevelt dedicated a dam on the Salt River in 1911.

  • The largest escape from a U.S. Prisoner of War camp during WWII occurred in the Phoenix area at Papago Park POW camp. 25 German prisoners escaped.